Rabies in Kenya

Rabies is endemic in Kenya and it has been reported in varying levels since 1912 when the first case was diagnosed in a dog in the outskirts of Nairobi city. In 1928, the first case of human rabies was documented in a woman from the Lake Victoria basin region in Western Kenya.

The records at the Directorate of Veterinary Services showed that the country experienced rabies epidemics in the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s. Following these epidemics, there was systematic and sustained vaccination of dogs in the 1950s and 1960s that controlled the disease such that by 1973, the disease was almost eliminated in the country.

However, the collapse of the vaccination program in the 1970s changed the rabies situation such that by the 1980s, the disease had spread starting from the Tanzanian border region to most parts of the country. To date, rabies is more widespread in the country than at any time in its history.

(Source : Strategic Plan for Rabies Elimination)

Spatial Distribution of Rabies in Kenya (1958 to 2015)

Source: Central Veterinary Laboratory

Rabies in Kenya Map